RAMSI’s regional nature is its core underlying strength with the mission benefiting from the diverse cultures and experience of the contributing members. Since the arrival of RAMSI in 2003, thousands of police, military and civilian personnel from across the region have served with RAMSI and worked side by side with Solomon Islanders.
Solomon Islands nearest neighbour Papua New Guinea has been playin an integral role in strengthening Solomon Islands through RAMSI since the Mission arrived in July 2003. Prior to transition in July 2013, Papua New Guinea provided military and civilian support. They continue to provide police officers to assist with the Participating Police Force’s work to strengthen the Royal Solomon Islands Police Force.
Papua New Guinea has a population of approximately 6.7 million. The Papua New Guinea mainland and its six hundred islands have a total area of 463,000 square kilometres. Most of the people are Melanesian, but some are Micronesian or Polynesian. Papua New Guinea has over 800 known languages. English, Tok Pisin (Pidgin), and Hiri Motu (the lingua franca of the Papuan region) are the official languages.
The spectrum of Papua New Guinea society now ranges from traditional village-based life, dependent on subsistence and small cash-crop agriculture, to modern urban life in the main cities of Port Moresby (capital), Lae, Madang, Wewak, Goroka, Mt Hagen, and Rabaul. Some 85 per cent of the population directly derive their livelihood from farming, and 15 per cent of the population live in urban areas. Population growth is estimated to be 2.8 per cent annually.